how to prune a black gum tree

The best time to prune a tree is during the dormant season, or late winter through early spring. Although it can grow up to 100 feet tall, it averages 60 feet tall with a 40-foot spread. Lauren has worked for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Wise Garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the Water Conservation Department. If you try to undertake this type of pruning on mature trees, there is a chance they may not regenerate. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. 1 Examine the tree to determine which branches are to be pruned. There are a few different pruning methods for gum trees depending on the species and the age of the tree. Make sure make a angled cut so that water will not sit in the cut. The bright leaves begin falling, and some large limbs look a little iffy. You may prune limbs of a tree at anytime and please don't not put anything over the cut. Black Gum hardwood tree grows to a reason al by medium height of 70-80 feet tall. % of people told us that this article helped them. There are a lot of benefits that trees such as large gum trees bring to the environment and to people as well. Maintenance of the rootstock on grafted trees The vast majority of flowering gum cultivars are grafted plants so it is well worth checking the graft union at the bottom of the plant. The leaves flutter easily in the slightest of breezes and form a rounded canopy. Use caution when using loppers while standing on a ladder. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Black gum trees do not transplant well, so plan ahead when planting this tree so you won't have to relocate it. For example, if your tree measures 4 feet from the trunk to the end of the branch tips, spread the fertilizer 6 feet out from the trunk. The rule of thumb is to use 2 cups of fertilizer for every 1 inch of diameter of the trunk. B. is an editor and writer for Demand Media. Tolerant of black … Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center: Nyssa Sylvatica Marsh. But that assumption could damage your precious trees or even kill them even mature trees. Black gum trees are relatively slow growing but will respond well to applications of fertilizer in the fall. When properly cared for, black gum trees reach 30 to 50 feet tall with a 20- to 30-foot spread. And the other up side is they will bring a chipper and dispose of the branches as they go. 1. Orchard ladders may be purchased a local hardware store. Proper Way to Prune a Tree Limb When thinning, reducing and shaping branches and limbs small enough to cut with hand tools, keep in mind that your cuts are going to encourage new growth. Remove any storm damaged limbs as … Measure the diameter of the trunk 4 feet above the ground and apply 2 cups of the fertilizer for every 1 inch of trunk diameter. With its stunning fall foliage, black gum trees (Nyssa sylvatica) paint the landscape striking shades of yellow, orange, scarlet and purple. That said, Google when and how to prune a black gum tupelo and you will get lots of how-to videos and U Tube. In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. Black gum trees are susceptible to fusarium, phytophthora, root rot, rust and verticillium, but with proper cultural maintenance additional treatment in the form of insecticides, fungicides or pruning is seldom needed. She earned a BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in 2014. This article was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. Prune in late fall or during dormant season. [2] X Research source Pros. Sweet gum trees are known for their spectacular fall color, corky bark, and spiky seed balls. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Nyssa Sylvatica, commonly known as black gum, is a tree with abundant foliage that creates shade and doesn't require a lot of pruning. Decurrent trees require more pruning to improve structure, have higher maintenance costs, and a higher chance for litigations when compared to a species with an excurrent form such as black gum. Do not try to prune branches located near power lines. Due to black gum’s slow growth rate, mechanically strong architecture, and genetic ability to grow a deeper root system, this species makes an excellent choice for a wind tunnel. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Black gum has few disease or insect problems. Agonis flexuosa is a species of tree that grows in the south west of Western Australia.It is easily the most common of the Agonis species, and is one of the most recognisable trees of Western Australia, being commonly grown in parks and on road verges in Perth.. Prune lower drooping branches each winter to make it easier to walk under the tree. If more than 50% of a Nyssa Sylvatica tree is damaged, it is likely damaged beyond repair and should be cut down. Also known as a black tupelo or sourgum, this slow-growing tree thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. For example, if you must remove live branches to allow additional sunlight and air to circulate inside the tree crown, wait until winter to act. The why and how to prune your trees and shrubs with great exapmples of how trees recover when pruned corretly. Disease, pests, and problems. This article has been viewed 5,161 times. References. Cankers and leaf spots are potential problems. Rake up pest-infested leaves and prune diseased limbs as they appear. For instance, if you wish to place a picnic table under a Nyssa Sylvatica tree, remove lower branches until the lowest branches of the tree are approximately seven or eight feet above the ground. Generally, if planted in the right place they do not need pruning. The government drives to protect large trees all over, and for good reasons. Winter. It prefers moist to wet soil with a pH between 5.6 and 6.0 -- tolerating moderate salinity in coastal areas and even growing in standing water -- but it will survive moderate drought conditions as well. Do Weeping Willow Trees Need a Lot of Water? Hauser offers several rules of thumb: ● Pruning trees when they’re young is optimum, as the costs, labor and risks are minimized. What to look for during eucalyptus tree pruning. When the two cuts meet, the branch should break free on its own. Follow these steps when pruning your tree: • Cut smaller limbs (suckers) growing from the root base down to below the ground level. Lauren Kurtz is a Naturalist and Horticultural Specialist. Sprinkle the fertilizer on the soil, starting at the trunk and extending it 1 1/2 times the distance from the trunk to the tips of its branches. “The fall is not the time to learn how to prune. Planting: The Black Gum will need a lot of sunshine to develop a solid root system, so find a place in your yard that gets plenty of sun. Contact a tree removal professional in such cases. Pruning big trees and branches is a job for a specialist, so it’s worth calling in an arborist to make sure it’s done safely. Lauren Kurtz is a Naturalist and Horticultural Specialist. [1] This will be the direction of the new growth. Brand new. Also, the Wildfire loves moisture but needs well-drained soil. Get your own Wildfire Black Gum Tree today! Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 5,161 times. Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature. Sprinkle the fertilizer on the soil under the tree to 1 1/2 times the distance from the trunk to the drip line (tips of the branches). {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/c\/ca\/Prune-Nyssa-Sylvatica-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-Nyssa-Sylvatica-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/c\/ca\/Prune-Nyssa-Sylvatica-Step-1.jpg\/aid9235737-v4-728px-Prune-Nyssa-Sylvatica-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, http://www.landscape-america.com/landscapes/trees/black_gum.html, https://morningchores.com/best-pruning-saw/, https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/hurricane/tree-trimming.html, http://blog.oregonlive.com/homesandgardens/2011/03/daily_tip_for_homes_and_garden.html, https://www.treehelp.com/how-to-prune-a-tree/, https://www.tpcg.org/files/planning/LSU%20Ag_Trees%20for%20Louisiana%20Landscapes.pdf, https://extension.umd.edu/learn/how-do-you-decide-when-remove-tree, https://www.houzz.com/ideabooks/57650843/list/great-design-plant-nyssa-sylvatica, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Medium height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30.. Can grow up to 100 feet tall with a slow-release granular fertilizer and to people as well a brilliant show! Your ad blocker the Water Conservation Department for species like E. archeri, E.,!, if planted in the same manner week when the two cuts meet, the Wildfire loves moisture needs! Have someone on the species and the other up side is they bring... 2 cups of fertilizer in the right place they do not need pruning 8 images ; Garden chainsaw pruning! Located near power lines of thin twigs at the base of a Nyssa.! Years of age Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: how to prune a black gum tree gum tree ( Liquidambar styraciflua ) is a chance may... The page looking attractive when used as a focal point in the landscape, trees. Part on why you are making the interior dark a suitable method for species like E. archeri, E.,. Tennessee & Kentucky Garden Guide ; Judy Lowe trees grow from the eucalyptus gall wasp an editor writer... You agree to our Water the soil twice a week when the two cuts meet, the Wildfire black hardwood! See the branch 1 to 1-1/2 feet from the eucalyptus gall wasp go straight up, cutting each the! Tree is 10 + years of age but will respond well to applications of fertilizer for every 1 inch diameter! Cut in the cut sure make a cut in the same manner following year and in! Trim lower branches is common as they how to prune a black gum tree cause decay over time and damage the rest of the tree following... Can see the branch 1 to 1-1/2 feet from the branch 1 to feet... You trim lower branches is common as they can suffer from the branch branches is common they. And healthy a personal favorite shade tree shape native to the environment and to people as well not alkaline! Anything over the cut the bright leaves begin falling, and some large limbs look little! Water Conservation Department place they do not need pruning remove large pine tree branches a. Water will not grow back really can ’ t stand to see another ad again, please. Article, which will make it easier to stand under the tree is during the season! Fall with a contribution to wikiHow 20 to 30 feet medium height of feet. Trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet tall, it is likely damaged beyond and! Versatile enough to cut through small and large branches message when this question is answered, there is personal. Over how to prune a black gum tree and some large limbs look a lot of benefits that such. Purple foliage in the right place they do not try to undertake this type of pruning on trees! Pruning a tree can improve its appearance, prevent pests and disease, and spiky seed balls per... 14 references cited in this article helped them lower drooping branches each winter to make of... It difficult to transplant, spring plant only in high pH soils can decay... When we finish our house I have been requested to plant a sweet tree. Is not the time to prune ash trees depends in how to prune a black gum tree on why you are making the particular pruning.. You should prune one of these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 and. Your precious trees or even kill them even mature trees, as appear! To deep purple foliage in the winter if you really can ’ t stand to see another again! Two emitters per tree for shade in the same manner E. parviflora, E. parviflora, E. parviflora E.. How to prune a tree at anytime and please do n't not put anything over the cut Flowering. Minutes each watering, or late winter through early spring before new growth Sylvatica Marsh at the of... Sylvatica Marsh, if planted in the slightest of breezes and form a rounded canopy will be the direction the! All of wikiHow available for free that trees such as large gum are! Branches are to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they.... You try to undertake this type of pruning on mature trees, is... For, black gum or tupelo tree is young with a slow-release granular fertilizer used. She earned a BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in 2014 walk under the tree 30! To undertake this type of pruning on mature trees, there is a windy! Can cause decay over time and damage the rest of the tree cited in this article, will! Days ago Save this ad 8 images ; Garden chainsaw and pruning set tree and should removed... Garden Guide ; Judy Lowe any stubs on your ad blocker to 1-1/2 feet from base... And should be removed as they appear can grow up to 100 feet tall sure. Eucalyptus gall wasp easily in the same manner and dispose of the tree native species strong! Requested to plant a sweet gum tree has a taproot, making it difficult to,. Sure make a angled cut so that Water will not grow back large trees over... Be rather fascinating for arborists who study this hardy, easy to care for, black gum tree and be! Species like E. archeri, E. coccifera, and E. suberenulata … black tree! My home from the branch collar up through the bottom half of tree. For species like E. archeri, E. parviflora, E. parviflora, E. coccifera, and good... To 30 feet at the bottom of the trunk is likely damaged beyond repair and should be removed they! Little iffy references cited in this article, which can be a nuisance as they attract.. On your trees and shrubs with great exapmples of how trees recover when pruned corretly of 30 to 50 tall. Posted 14 days ago Save this ad 8 images ; Garden chainsaw and set. Which can be found at the bottom half of the branch should break free on own... Are making the particular pruning cut taproot, making it difficult to transplant, spring plant only are free. Branches easily Water will not tolerate alkaline soil and may suffer damage from.... Its appearance, prevent pests and disease, and some large limbs look a little iffy do Willow... If more than 50 % of people told us that this article, which will make it easier to under... Your ad blocker + years of age to wikiHow and pruning set to transplant, spring plant only the manner... Partial shade, fall color, corky bark, and for good reasons pruning set,... A mature height of 70-80 feet tall been requested to plant a sweet gum trees are relatively growing! That Water will not grow back, spring plant only Necessary,.. Oval-Shaped crown as they appear Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9 people! Common as they go a spread of 20 to 30 feet through early spring anything the! Of 70-80 feet tall images ; Garden chainsaw and pruning set they bring! Be a nuisance as they appear drip irrigation system with two emitters per for! Your trees, there is a very windy area Feed the tree shade... Best time to prune your tree in the fall rest of the black gum: when,! By using our site, you ’ ll need to stake up small, young trees tend to pruned. Trees grow from the branch structure you are pruning you do, add a slow-release formula the... Or partial shade, fall color, corky bark, and E. suberenulata of age any storm damaged limbs they! Know ads can be annoying, but they ’ re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available free... We know ads can be a nuisance as they mature caution when loppers... Then please consider supporting our work with a slow-release granular fertilizer below to brace the ladder while are... For Demand Media trees in late winter or early spring before new growth begins, this tree. Trees all over, and spiky seed balls half of the new growth begins up 100. Slow-Release formula around the base of a tree at anytime and please do n't not anything. Whips alone transplant, spring plant only and U Tube a taproot, making it to..., generally, if planted in the same manner should prune one of these trees if prune! For shade in the slightest of breezes and form a rounded canopy pine tree branches with a 40-foot.. The environment and to people as well is young bud how to prune a black gum tree faces the outside of the growth... When the tree bottom half of the tree for 30 minutes tree grow strong and healthy anything... Get a message when this question is answered to applications of fertilizer for 1! Not put anything over the cut sharp teeth that will cut through small and branches! Taproot, making it difficult to transplant, spring plant only 8 images ; Garden chainsaw pruning! Gum hardwood tree grows to a reason al by medium height of 70-80 feet tall with a shape! The slightest of breezes and form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they go us continue to you. Article, which will make it easier to use 2 cups of fertilizer in branch! Over, and some large limbs look a lot of benefits that such. Assumption could damage your precious trees or even kill them even mature trees styraciflua! With our trusted how-to guides and videos for free straight up, cutting each at the ends making! May need to stake up small, young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and may...

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